We will look at some useful tools available in footprinting process of hacking. Each tool is unique and works best for different stages of footprinting.

Find information for specific website
Netcraft is a suite of tools that lets us obtain
Server version
IP ADDRESS
Subnet data
Subdomian information

First of all we will look at installing Netcraft extension for Firefox. It is very simple, just use link below and select Add to Firefox
https://addons.mozilla.org/en-us/firefox/addon/netcraft-toolbar/

Ones extension installed you can use additional information on top of your browser.

You can also run tests directly from the actual site. www.netcraft.com

Using netcraft
1. In the browser type www.netcraft.com
2. In the box called Whats that site running enter name of website
3. On the result site list of sites appear
4. Click site report to view report pages
5. Examine the data

Location and Geography

To help us obtain physical location which may be used in other stages of hacking the following number of tools and sources can be used.
Google Earth
Google Maps
Webcams
People Search

Finding location is important for techniques like dumpster diving, social engineering and many others.

Social Networking and Information Gathering
Social networking is common place for attacker to collect information during footprinting stages of attack. The following tools can be used.
Facebook
Twitter
Google+
LinkedIn
Instagram

Some of the excellent tools for extracting social media information are
echosec www.echosec.com
maltego www.paterva.com

Financial Services Information

Great sources for this sort og information are:

Yahoo Finance
Google Finance
CNBC

Gaining network Information

Here we will look at how to use and install whois utility which can give us valuable information regarding domain, ownership, ip information and more. Lets look at example of test.com domain



 whois test.com

Whois Server Version 2.0

Domain names in the .com and .net domains can now be registered
with many different competing registrars. Go to http://www.internic.net
for detailed information.

   Server Name: TEST.COM
   IP Address: 50.23.225.49
   Registrar: NETWORK SOLUTIONS, LLC.
   Whois Server: whois.networksolutions.com
   Referral URL: http://networksolutions.com


   Server Name: TEST.COM.AU
   Registrar: PACNAMES LTD.
   Whois Server: whois.pacnames.com
   Referral URL: http://www.pacnames.com


   Server Name: TEST.COM.CN
   Registrar: XIN NET TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
   Whois Server: whois.paycenter.com.cn
   Referral URL: http://www.xinnet.com


   Server Name: TEST.COM.CO
   Registrar: OMNIS NETWORK, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.omnis.com
   Referral URL: http://www.omnis.com


   Server Name: TEST.COM.MY
   Registrar: INNERWISE, INC. D/B/A ITSYOURDOMAIN.COM
   Whois Server: whois.itsyourdomain.com
   Referral URL: http://www.itsyourdomain.com


   Server Name: TEST.COM21.COM
   IP Address: 207.33.62.21
   Registrar: DOMAINSITE, INC.
   Whois Server: whois.domainsite.com
   Referral URL: http://domainsite.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMESHOPGO.COM
   IP Address: 80.231.115.234
   Registrar: BIGROCK SOLUTIONS LIMITED
   Whois Server: Whois.bigrock.com
   Referral URL: http://www.bigrock.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMMERZE.NET
   IP Address: 202.142.221.148
   Registrar: PDR LTD. D/B/A PUBLICDOMAINREGISTRY.COM
   Whois Server: whois.PublicDomainRegistry.com
   Referral URL: http://www.publicdomainregistry.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMMUNITYBOTS.COM
   IP Address: 107.170.34.127
   Registrar: GODADDY.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.godaddy.com
   Referral URL: http://www.godaddy.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMMVAULT-VIETNAM.COM
   IP Address: 125.234.19.63
   Registrar: P.A. VIET NAM COMPANY LIMITED
   Whois Server: whois.pavietnam.vn
   Referral URL: http://www.pavietnam.vn


   Server Name: TEST.COMPACTCOMPRESSION.COM
   IP Address: 184.69.200.30
   Registrar: GODADDY.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.godaddy.com
   Referral URL: http://www.godaddy.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMPLYRN.COM
   IP Address: 209.20.82.251
   Registrar: GODADDY.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.godaddy.com
   Referral URL: http://www.godaddy.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMPUTERSCOOP.COM
   IP Address: 67.33.61.41
   Registrar: GODADDY.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.godaddy.com
   Referral URL: http://www.godaddy.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMPUTESRV.COM
   IP Address: 4.2.2.1
   Registrar: GODADDY.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.godaddy.com
   Referral URL: http://www.godaddy.com


   Server Name: TEST.COMSECCLOUD.COM
   IP Address: 125.214.196.195
   Registrar: DOMAIN.COM, LLC
   Whois Server: whois.domain.com
   Referral URL: http://www.domain.com


   Domain Name: TEST.COM
   Registrar: NETWORK SOLUTIONS, LLC.
   Sponsoring Registrar IANA ID: 2
   Whois Server: whois.networksolutions.com
   Referral URL: http://networksolutions.com
   Name Server: NS65.WORLDNIC.COM
   Name Server: NS66.WORLDNIC.COM
   Status: clientTransferProhibited https://icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
   Updated Date: 05-may-2015
   Creation Date: 18-jun-1997
   Expiration Date: 17-jun-2017

>>> Last update of whois database: Thu, 15 Sep 2016 18:22:17 GMT <<<

For more information on Whois status codes, please visit https://icann.org/epp

NOTICE: The expiration date displayed in this record is the date the
registrar's sponsorship of the domain name registration in the registry is
currently set to expire. This date does not necessarily reflect the expiration
date of the domain name registrant's agreement with the sponsoring
registrar.  Users may consult the sponsoring registrar's Whois database to
view the registrar's reported date of expiration for this registration.

TERMS OF USE: You are not authorized to access or query our Whois
database through the use of electronic processes that are high-volume and
automated except as reasonably necessary to register domain names or
modify existing registrations; the Data in VeriSign Global Registry
Services' ("VeriSign") Whois database is provided by VeriSign for
information purposes only, and to assist persons in obtaining information
about or related to a domain name registration record. VeriSign does not
guarantee its accuracy. By submitting a Whois query, you agree to abide
by the following terms of use: You agree that you may use this Data only
for lawful purposes and that under no circumstances will you use this Data
to: (1) allow, enable, or otherwise support the transmission of mass
unsolicited, commercial advertising or solicitations via e-mail, telephone,
or facsimile; or (2) enable high volume, automated, electronic processes
that apply to VeriSign (or its computer systems). The compilation,
repackaging, dissemination or other use of this Data is expressly
prohibited without the prior written consent of VeriSign. You agree not to
use electronic processes that are automated and high-volume to access or
query the Whois database except as reasonably necessary to register
domain names or modify existing registrations. VeriSign reserves the right
to restrict your access to the Whois database in its sole discretion to ensure
operational stability.  VeriSign may restrict or terminate your access to the
Whois database for failure to abide by these terms of use. VeriSign
reserves the right to modify these terms at any time.

The Registry database contains ONLY .COM, .NET, .EDU domains and
Registrars.


Domain Name: TEST.COM
Registry Domain ID: 5429075_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.networksolutions.com
Registrar URL: http://networksolutions.com
Updated Date: 2015-07-21T07:05:44Z
Creation Date: 1997-06-18T04:00:00Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2017-06-17T04:00:00Z
Registrar: NETWORK SOLUTIONS, LLC.
Registrar IANA ID: 2
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@web.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.8003337680
Reseller: 
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited https://icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: 
Registrant Name: PERFECT PRIVACY, LLC
Registrant Organization: 
Registrant Street: 12808 Gran Bay Parkway West
Registrant City: Jacksonville
Registrant State/Province: FL
Registrant Postal Code: 32258
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.5707088780
Registrant Phone Ext: 
Registrant Fax: 
Registrant Fax Ext: 
Registrant Email: kq6qm9fn97t@networksolutionsprivateregistration.com
Registry Admin ID: 
Admin Name: PERFECT PRIVACY, LLC
Admin Organization: 
Admin Street: 12808 Gran Bay Parkway West
Admin City: Jacksonville
Admin State/Province: FL
Admin Postal Code: 32258
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.5707088780
Admin Phone Ext: 
Admin Fax: 
Admin Fax Ext: 
Admin Email: kq6qm9fn97t@networksolutionsprivateregistration.com
Registry Tech ID: 
Tech Name: PERFECT PRIVACY, LLC
Tech Organization: 
Tech Street: 12808 Gran Bay Parkway West
Tech City: Jacksonville
Tech State/Province: FL
Tech Postal Code: 32258
Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.5707088780
Tech Phone Ext: 
Tech Fax: 
Tech Fax Ext: 
Tech Email: w55ry4ms2kj@networksolutionsprivateregistration.com
Name Server: NS65.WORLDNIC.COM
Name Server: NS66.WORLDNIC.COM
DNSSEC: Unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/
>>> Last update of WHOIS database: 2016-09-15T18:22:36Z <<<


This listing is a Network Solutions Private Registration. Mail
correspondence to this address must be sent via USPS Express Mail(TM) or
USPS Certified Mail(R); all other mail will not be processed. Be sure to
include the registrant's domain name in the address.

The data in Networksolutions.com's WHOIS database is provided to you by
Networksolutions.com for information purposes only, that is, to assist you in
obtaining information about or related to a domain name registration
record. Networksolutions.com makes this information available "as is," and
does not guarantee its accuracy. By submitting a WHOIS query, you
agree that you will use this data only for lawful purposes and that,
under no circumstances will you use this data to: (1) allow, enable,
or otherwise support the transmission of mass unsolicited, commercial
advertising or solicitations via direct mail, electronic mail, or by
telephone; or (2) enable high volume, automated, electronic processes
that apply to Networksolutions.com  (or its systems). The compilation,
repackaging, dissemination or other use of this data is expressly
prohibited without the prior written consent of Networksolutions.com.
Networksolutions.com reserves the right to modify these terms at any time.
By submitting this query, you agree to abide by these terms.

For more information on Whois status codes, please visit
https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/epp-status-codes-2014-06-16-en.